Browse Items (5 total)

  • Tags: NACW

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So many talented African-American women became teachers when outlets for intellectual and managerial skill were few. Sarah Smith Garnet began teaching when she was 14 years old, and in 1863 she became the first Black woman to be principal of a New…

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Fannie Barrier Williams was so significant a thinker that though almost no Black women were invited to lecture at the Chicago World’s Fair, she spoke twice. She addressed the World Congress of Representative Women in May, and the World Parliament of…

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The end of legal slavery didn’t make a dent in white Americans’ racism. The opposite, really: after the Civil War Northern whites patted themselves on the back for being so virtuous, then turned around and passed laws making it harder for…

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The founding of the National Association of Colored Women in 1896 gathered two generations of prominent African-American women in the nation's capital: Josephine Ruffin and Mary Church Terrell; Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, now in her 70s; and…

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In 1893, inspired by Ida B Wells’ call to do something to fight lynching, Josephine St Pierre Ruffin founded the Woman’s Era Club in Boston. Two years later she invited dozens of other Black women’s clubs that had sprung up around the country to…
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